Many can live without love, but is there anyone who can live without water? Where there is no water, there can be no life. As there is no water in the moon, it has become simply a sterile desert. We know the vitality of water. It was water that helped human to settle their location and lead their lives. It was Nile on which the Egyptian Civilization had been taken place. The Nile provided the Egyptians facilities for irrigation and transport. That’s why Herodotus said, Egypt is the “Gift of the Nile”. We see our Dhaka is also established on the bank of the river Buriganga.
Life, both animal and plant, can continue their lives because of the water. If there is no water people will die of dehydration. Around 70% of our body is water.75 % of total surface of the earth is water and just below the surface of the land in most areas, there is a saturated layer known as the water table. There are some animals regulate their movements according to the water sources.
Just imagine a day when the taps ran dry, you would have got your life unbearable. You could not brush your teeth well, have your shave nor could have your bath in the morning. After lunch, you would have had a very intricate time trying to clean up. You might have used cloth to wash your crockery. You could not wash your car. However, at the end you would have realized that water is valuable and you should not be a water-waster.
As water is very crucial, we should have a deep concern on the issues relating to it. So does our World Water Day [WWD] which is to hold on March 22 each year. Events are organized should be organized on or around this day to boost our consciousness of water’s consequence in different aspects of our lives like environment, agriculture, health and trade etc.
Background of WWD:
Agenda 21 is a global action plan which includes human activities that may influence the environment. It was accepted at the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 1992. Agenda 21 suggested different actions, including creating World Water Day.
The UN General Assembly accepted a resolution on December 22, 1992, declaring March 22 to be the World Day for Water every year. It encourages Countries to extend activities to emphasize local needs for water. The first World Day for Water was observed in 1993.
The Water for Life Decade was commenced on World Water Day in 2005. This decade ran from 2005 to 2015 and gave a high priority to women’s participation and the UN’s water-related programs
What can We Do on WWD?
Many events are held worldwide during World Water Day. These include:
- Visual art, theatrical and musical celebrations of water.
- Symposia for local, national and international leaders on water management and security.
- Educational events on the importance of clean water and protecting water resources.
- Campaigns and events to raise money for access to clean and affordable water.
- Excursions to local rivers, lakes and reservoirs.
- Special broadcasts on television and radio and the Internet.
- Walks, runs and swimming other sports competitions.
Some events are held on actual World Water Day date, while others are held on convenient dates close to March 22.
World Water Day’s main symbol is the shape of a water drop in the UN’s color blue. Photographs of water being used or in rivers, reservoirs, lakes or seas are widely displayed on this occasion.
Theme by UN-Year wise
In 2016, the theme is “Water and Jobs,” in 2017 “Wastewater” and in 2018 “Nature-based Solutions for Water”. The previous year’s themes are given below-
2015: Water and Sustainable Development
2014: Water and Energy
2013: Water Cooperation
2012: Water and Food Security: The World is Thirsty Because We are Hungry Official
2011: Water for cities: responding to the urban challenge
2010: Clean Water for a Healthy World
2009: Trans Waters
2007: Coping With Water Scarcity
2006: Water and Culture
2005: Water for Life 2005–2015
2004: Water and Disasters
2003: Water for Future
2002: Water for Development
2001: Water for Health
2000: Water for the 21st century
1999: Everyone Lives Downstream
1998: Groundwater – The Invisible Resource
1997: The World’s Water: Is there enough?
1996: Water for Thirsty Cities
1995: Women and Water
1994: Caring for our Water Resources is Everybody’s Business
Tips to save water
If we try to see the worth of water in religious angle we find that i.e., here it is said that if you live beside a river full of current, don’t waste the water. As we know the adage- Waste not, Want not. So if we can save water, we, actually, can save ourselves. That’s why some tips we should follow to save water for us as well as for our future generation-
- Turn off the tap when you brush your teeth – this can save 6 litres of water per minute.
- Place a cistern displacement device in your toilet cistern to reduce the volume of water used in each flush. You can get one of these from your water provider.
- Take a shorter shower. Shower can use anything between 6 and 45 litres per minute.
- Always use full loads in your washing machine and dishwasher – this cuts out unnecessary washes in between.
- Fix a dripping tap. A dripping tap can waste 15 litres of water a day, or 5,500 litres of water a year.
- Install a water butt to your drainpipe and use the water collected to water your plants, clean your car and wash your windows.
- Water your garden with a watering can rather than a hosepipe. A hosepipe uses 1,000 litres of water an hour. Mulching your plants (with bark chippings, heavy compost or straw) and watering in the early morning and late afternoon will reduce evaporation and also save water.
- Fill a jug with tap water and place this in your fridge. This will mean you do not have to leave the cold tap running for the water to run cold before you fill your glass.
- Install a water meter. When you’re paying your utility provider for exactly how much water you use, laid out in an itemised bill, there’s an incentive to waste less of the stuff.
- Invest in water-efficient goods when you need to replace household products. You can now buy water-efficient showerheads, taps, toilets, washing machines, dishwashers and many other water-saving products.
Although water is the basic right for all of us, everyone is not having this right fulfilled. Statistics shows that around two billion people reside in water-stressed areas of the world and three billion have no running water within kilometre of their dwelling. These were calculated few years back. With the rate at which the world population is growing currently, the number will, no doubt, grow as well.
We know that time and tide wait for none. Both are running out and so precious for our lives. So let us care, realize and value them.