Water is something that is very essential for any earthly being. Nothing of the world can think without the existence of water. Therefore age after age, articles, stories, features and even exam papers were made with the essentiality of water. Many anthropologists still searching after the dust of history finding out the cause of the disappearance of many civilizations. And most of the cases, they announced strong evidence against the availability of water. Still today there are many civilizations in the remote areas of Sahara and Africa who are directly under the threat of water crisis. We’ve also often seen refugees and disaster-affected people randomly die due to the lack of pure water. Therefore, it is the challenge of the modern era to ensure drinking water for everyone. S.T Coleridge once wrote…
“Water, water, everywhere,
And all the boards did shrink;
Water, water, everywhere,
Nor any drop to drink.”
However, realizing the importance of water, an international day to celebrate freshwater was recommended at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro. The United Nations General Assembly responded by designating 22 March 1993 as the first World Water Day. The United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/47/193 of 22 December 1992 by which 22 March of each year was declared World Day for Water, to be observed starting in 1993, in conformity with the recommendations of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) contained in Chapter 18 (Fresh Water Resources) of Agenda 21.
The UN and its member nations devote this day to implementing UN recommendations and promoting concrete activities within their countries regarding the world’s water resources. Additionally, a number of non-governmental organizations promoting clean water and sustainable aquatic habitats have used World Water Day as a time to focus attention on the critical issues of our era. Events such as theatrical and musical celebrations, educational events, and campaigns to raise money for access to clean and affordable water are held worldwide on World Water Day, or on convenient dates close to March 22.
Each year, World Water Day highlights a specific aspect of freshwater. Under the theme ‘Water and Wastewater’, the year 2017 provides an important opportunity to consolidate and build upon the previous World Water Days to highlight the symbiosis between water and wastewater in the quest for sustainable development. UN-Water coordinates the World Water Day campaign and proposes a theme for each year. At the World Water Week 2016, UN-Water presented the plan for the World Water Day 2017 campaign, which is coordinated by UNEP, UN-Habitat, WHO and UNU, with the support of other UN-Water Members and Partners.
Participants got an opportunity to learn more about the theme of World Water Day and how wastewater is perceived as a valuable resource in the circular economy and its safe management as an efficient investment in the health of humans and ecosystems. Participants will also get a chance to listen to ideas for the public engagement campaign and provide feedback.